Need the answers to Smart Energy (Power Engineering) questions?
Vision? History? Smart Energy? Smart Grid? Microgrids? Batteries? Networks? Energy Storage? Big Data? GIS? Controls? Sustainability? VPPs? Energy Applications? Smart Cities?
Andres Carvallo and Artech House have published 28 power engineering / smart energy books to get you the best answers. They are all must reads !!!
We are very passionate about finding the right answers, about sharing the knowledge, about building perfection, about sustainability, and about harmony. We hope that the following books will point you in the right direction:
RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES & RESOURCES
Published: Dec 2019
This exciting new resource presents comprehensive coverage of renewable energy technologies and resources. The book focuses on solar photovoltaic (PV), solar thermal, wind, hydro and tidal energy technologies, and describes the scientific principles and physical systems used for the harvesting and harnessing of these resources. The environmental and economic impacts of using these methods are also explained by using worked examples, exercises and suggested laboratory experiments.
Photovoltaics and the modeling of these systems are discussed in depth, along with the environmental and social issues of utilizing a specified biomass as an energy source. Readers will also learn how to effectively calculate the cost and payback time for a given renewable energy plant by understanding the factors affecting the cost of generating electricity from a renewable energy system. Simulations using ORCAD and Simulink are included. Based on the author’s experience in the field of development and delivery of renewable energy models, this book provides concise, practical solutions that will appeal to both student and professional practitioners.
Introduction: Basic Concepts; Photovoltaics Part I: Background Material; Photovoltaics Part II: Characteristics and Circuit Modeling of PV Cells; Photovoltaics Part III: PV Arrays Operation and Characteristics; Photovoltaics Part IV: PV Generating Systems; Hydro Energy; Tidal Energy; Wind Energy; BioEnergy; Costing a Renewable Energy Project.
Nader Anani is an associate professor in electrical engineering and the head of the Electronics and Electrical Engineering Division at the University of Chichester. He has authored dozens of journal articles and conference papers, and is senior member of IEEE. He received his Ph.D. from Manchester Metropolitan University.
LITHIUM-ION BATTERY FAILURES IN CONSUMER ELECTRONICS
This comprehensive resource caters to system designers that are looking to incorporate lithium ion (li-ion) batteries in their applications. Detailed discussion of the various system considerations that must be addressed at the design stage to reduce the risk of failures in the field is presented. The book includes technical details of all state-of-the-art Li-on energy storage subsystems and their requirements, and provides a system designer a single resource detailing all of the common issues navigated when using Li-ion batteries to reduce the risk of field failures.
The book details the various industry standards that are applicable to the subsystems of Li-ion energy storage systems and how the requirements of these standards may impact the design of their system. Checklists are included to help readers evaluate their own battery system designs and identify gaps in the designs that increase the risk of field failures. The book is packed with numerous examples of issues that have caused field failures and how a proper design/assembly process could have reduced the risk of these failures.
Li-ion Cells: Types and Constructions; Commonly used Terminology; Li-ion Energy Storage System Design; AC Adapters and their Requirements; Li-ion Battery Charger Requirements and Designs; Battery Protection Circuit Considerations; Industry and Abuse Standards; Physical Construction of Battery Packs; Field Failures and Investigation Tools; Fire Investigations; System Checklists.
Ashish Arora, Sneha Lele, Noshirwan Medora, Shukri Souri
MICROGRID DESIGN AND OPERATION: TOWARD SMART ENERGY IN CITIES
With the growth of renewable energy sources, microgrids have become a key component in the distribution of power to localized areas while connected to the traditional grid or operating in a disconnected island mode. Based on the extensive real-world experience of the authors, this cutting-edge resource provides a basis for the design, installation, and day-by-day management of microgrids.
Professionals find coverage of the critical aspects they need to understand, from the initial planning and the selection of the most appropriate technologies and equipment, to optimal management and real-time control. Moreover, this forward-looking book places emphasis on new architectures of the energy systems of the future. Written in accessible language with practical examples, the book explains advanced topics such as optimization algorithms for energy management systems, control issues for both on-grid and island mode, and microgrid protection. Practitioners are also provided with a complete vision for the deployment of the microgrid in smart cities.
Introduction. Technology Overview: Devices and Equipment. Microgrid Installations: State of the Art. Communication and Monitoring Systems for Microgrids. Modelling and Simulation for Microgrids. Optimization for Microgrid Planning. Optimization for Microgrid Management. Forecasting Tools. Islanded Microgrids. Commercial Tools for the Management of Microgrids . From Design to on Field Installation: A Practical Case Study. From Microgrids to Smart Cities.
Federico Delfino, Stefano Bracco, Mansueto Rossi, Renato Procopio, Massimo Brignone, and Michela Robba are all faculty members at the University of Genoa
This unique new resource provides a comparative introduction to vertical Gallium Nitride (GaN) and Silicon Carbide (SiC) power devices using real commercial device data, computer, and physical models. This book uses commercial examples from recent years and presents the design features of various GaN and SiC power components and devices. Vertical verses lateral power semiconductor devices are explored, including those based on wide bandgap materials. The abstract concepts of solid state physics as they relate to solid state devices are explained with particular emphasis on power solid state devices.
Details about the effects of photon recycling are presented, including an explanation of the phenomenon of the family tree of photon-recycling. This book offers in-depth coverage of bulk crystal growth of GaN, including hydride vapor-phase epitaxial (HVPE) growth, high-pressure nitrogen solution growth, sodium-flux growth, ammonothermal growth, and sublimation growth of SiC. The fabrication process, including ion implantation, diffusion, oxidation, metallization, and passivation is explained. The book provides details about metal-semiconductor contact, unipolar power diodes, and metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) capacitors. Bipolar power diodes, power switching devices, and edge terminations are also covered in this resource.
Vertical vs. Lateral Power Semiconductor Devices; Physical Properties of GaN and SiC; p-n Junctions; Effects of Photon Recycling; Bulk Crystal Growth; Epitaxial Growth; Fabrication Processes; Metal-Semiconductor Contacts and Unipolar Power Diodes; Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor (MIS) Capacitors and Unipolar; Bipolar Power Diodes and Power Switching Devices; Edge Terminations; Reliability of Vertical GaN and SiC Power Devices
Kazuhiro Mochizuki is affiliated with the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan. Previously he was involved in the research of GaN and SiC power devices at the Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi Ltd., Tokyo, Japan. He is a senior member of IEEE and a member of the Japan Society of Applied Physics. He is also a lecturer at the University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo, Japan and Hosei University, Tokyo, Japan. He received his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. in electronic engineering from the University of Tokyo, Japan.
ELECTRIC CIRCUITS: A PRIMER
This new resource provides a comprehensive and concise introduction of the underpinnings and fundamentals of electrical circuits. Models, the limitations of models, and examples are clearly explained. The book examines circuits with static sources and explains how to reduce any circuit to a system of linear equations.
Moreover, the book presents dynamic sources that exhibit transient phenomena that require the solution of linear differential equations. MATLAB code is used throughout the book to help solve key problems and assist engineers in the field. Additionally, this hands-on volume explores circuits with sinusoidal sources also known as the AC paradigm. The book provides another key mathematical tool known as a phasor which are mathematical objects based on complex number theory. The book emphasizes solutions for computing power, interpreting power and energy, and compensating electrical systems if the power factor is too low. Professionals are offered design guidance throughout the book with many real-world examples.
Static Fields, Energy, and Power; Electrical Circuits and Circuit Elements; Kirchhoff’s Loop and Current Laws; The Nodal Method of Circuit Analysis; Independent and Dependent Sources; fixed Potential Between Nodes: Supernode; The Mesh Method of Circuit Analysis; Linearity, Superposition and Equivalence; Thevenin and Norton Equivalent Circuits; Maximum Power Transfer Theorem; The Capacitor and the Inductor; The Source-Free RC Circuit; The Source-Free RL Circuit; Step Response of a RC Circuit; Examples: Step Response of a RC Circuit; Step Response of RL Circuit; Examples: Step Response of RL Circuits; Series RLC Source-Free Circuits; Examples: Series RLC Source-Free Circuits; Source-Free Parallel RLC Circuits; Examples for a Parallel RLC Circuit; Analyzing a Damped Pendulum; Simusoidal Sources, The Phasor and Impedance; Circuit Analysis Based On Impedances; Dependant and Independent Sources: Phasors; Superposition; Phasors; The Maximum Power Transfer Theorem, Resonance; AC Power Concepts; Power Factor (PF), PF Correction; Magnetically Coupled Circuits; Frequency Response and System Transfer Function; Three Phase Systems: An Introduction.
JC Olivier is currently a professor of engineering at the University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia. He received his B.Eng, M. Eng, and his Ph.D. in electronics engineering from University of Pretoria, RSA.
At Artech House
SMART GRID REDEFINED: TRANSFORMATION OF THE ELECTRIC UTILITY
Written by a leading expert in the utility field, this practical resource guides professionals in the evolution of the Smart Grid and offers insight into distribution automation, storage, and microgrid. This book highlights the journey to a transformed electric utility, provides solid examples, and includes real-world case studies. Readers find guidance on new energy storage solutions and electric value chain disruptors. Professionals learn how to overcome challenges related to integrating supply and demand diversity.
The book highlights how new technologies impact the day-to-day operations of a utility and how these technologies can transform the normal functioning of the utility. Discussions are provided about how a transformed utility can be a springboard to a smart city. Professionals will be able to apply the strategies of technologies in this resource to guide them to success in the field. This book defines the roadmap to the utility of the future and provides a vision for how utilities can thrive in their new environment.
Introduction; Smart Grid Redefined; Distribution Automation-Path to a Self-Healing Grid; Energy Storage-Electric Value Chain Disruptor; Distributed Energy Resources-Challenge of Integrating Supply/Demand Diversity; Microgrids-Fragmentation of the Grid; Data Analytics-Bringing Intelligence to the Grid; Electric Transportation-First Mover to a Mobile Carbon-Free Future; Smart Homes and building-The Final Frontier; Electric Utility Transformation; Transformed Utility-Springboard to a Smart City.
Subramanian Vadari is a CMG member and the president of Modern Grid Solutions in Sammamish, Washington. A Senior Member of the IEEE, Dr. Vadari holds an M.S.E.E. and Ph.D. in electrical engineering, both from the University of Washington in Seattle.
POWER GRID RESILIENCY FOR ADVERSE CONDITIONS
Written by a leading expert in the field, this practical book offers a comprehensive understanding of the impact of extreme weather and the possible effects of climate change on the power grid. The impact and restoration of floods, winter storms, wind storms, and hurricanes as well as the effects of heat waves and dry spells on thermal power plants is explained in detail. This book explores proven practices for successful restoration of the power grid, increased system resiliency, and ride-through after extreme weather and provides readers with examples from super storm Sandy.
This book presents the effects of lack of ground moisture on transmission line performance and gives an overview of line insulation coordination, stress-strength analysis, and tower insulation strength, and then provides readers with tangible solutions. Structural hardening of power systems against storms, including wind pressure, wood poles, and vegetation management is covered. Moreover, this book provides suggestions for practical implementations to improve future smart grid resiliency.
Effects of Heat Waves on Power Systems; Effect of Droughts on Hydroelectric Power Plants; Effect of Droughts on Thermoelectric Power Plants; Extreme Weather Effects on Directly Buried Underground Cables; Effect of Heat Waves on Distribution Transformers; Effect of Lack of Ground Moisture on Transmission Line Performance; Effects of Heavy Winter Precipitation on Transmission Line Insulation; Effects of Heavy Winter Precipitation on Transmission Line Corona Losses; Effects of Winter Storms on Power Systems; Effects of Winter Storms on Wind Turbines; Structural Hardening Against Storms; System Resiliency.
Nicholas Abi-Samra is an expert in power systems planning, operations and maintenance. He held senior leadership positions at Westinghouse, EPRI and DNV GL. He was a Fellow and a Senior Technical Executive, at Westinghouse and EPRI, respectively. He studied at the American University, University of Missouri and Carnegie-Mellon University. He is an adjunct professor at the University of California San Diego, and the president of the Electric Power & Energy Consulting. Abi-Samra served as the General Chair and Technical Program Coordinator for the 2012 IEEE PES General Meeting. He is the author over 100 publications, has 2 patents, and holds several prestigious industry awards.
THE SMART GRID AS AN APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT PLATFORM
This authoritative new resource explores the power grid from its classical role as a utility or service provider towards its new role as an application development platform. This book gives insight into the vision, problems and solutions, and risks of the smart grid model. The evolution of the power grid as it develops into an application-centric environment is explained in this book. This resource guides readers to better understand the primary motivation of the smart grid, and to explore how new technologies are creating a cleaner and more sustainable ecosystem for new business models to blossom. Key topics include the basics of electricity and the conventional grid structure, as well as the relationships between conventional economic models and emerging models based on transactive energy and the sharing economy.
Smart Grid Model; The Power Grid at a Glance; Drawbacks of Current Network Design; Smart Grid Elements; The Cloud Environment of Application Providers; User Centric Applications; Transactive Energy Economy; Summary and Conclusions.
George Koutitas is the CEO and co-founder of Gridmates and assistant professor at Texas State University. He received his B.Sc. in physics from Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Greece, his M.Sc. degree in mobile and satellite communications from the University of Surrey, UK and his Ph.D. in electrical engineering under EPSRC scholarship from the Center of Communications Systems Research, UK.
Stan McClellan is the Director of the Ingram School of Engineering at Texas State University where he is a professor of electrical engineering. Stan received his Ph.D., M.S., and B.S. in electrical engineering from Texas A&M University.
BIG DATA ANALYTICS FOR CONNECTED VEHICLES AND SMART CITIES
This practical new book presents the application of “big data” analytics to connected vehicles, smart cities, and transportation systems. This book enables transportation professionals to understand how data analytics can and will expand the design and engineering of connected vehicles and smart cities. Readers find extensive case studies and examples that provide a strong framework focusing on practical application of data sciences and analytic tools for actual projects in the field.
Both federal and private sector investments have a strong interest in the connected vehicle and this book discusses the impact this has on transportation. This book defines urban analytics and modeling, incentives and governance, mobility networks, energy networks, and other attributes and elements that craft a smart city. Readers learn how smart cities impact the application of advanced technologies in urban areas. This book explains how recently passed transportation legislation for the US has a specific emphasis on the use of data for performance management.
What is Big Data?; What is Big Data; connected and Autonomous Vehicles; Smart Cities; What are Analytics?; The Practical Application of Analytics to Transportation; Transportation Use Cases; Building a Data Lake; Practical Applications and Concepts for Transportation Data Analytics; Benefits and Cost Estimation for Smart City Transportation Data Analytics; Benefit and Cost Estimation for Smart City Transportation Services; Summary.
Bob McQueen is CEO of Bob McQueen and Associates. He earned his B.S. in civil engineering at the University of Strathclyde, Glascow, Scotland, and his M.S. in highways and transportation from City University, London, England.
PLUG-IN ELECTRIC VEHICLE GRID INTEGRATION
This authoritative new resource provides a comprehensive introduction to plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), including critical discussions on energy storage and converter technology. The architecture and models for sustainable charging infrastructures and capacity planning of small scale fast charging stations are presented. This book considers PEVs as mobile storage units and explains how PEVS can provide services to the grid. Enabling technologies are explored, including energy storage, converter, and charger technologies for home and park charging. The adoption of EV is discussed and examples are given from the individual battery level to the city level.
This book provides guidance on how to build and design sustainable transportation systems. Optimal arrival rates, optimal service rates, facility location problems, load balancing, and demand forecasts are covered in this book. Time-saving MATLAB code and background tables are included in this resource to help engineers with their projects in the field.
Part I-Electrification of Light-Duty Vehicles; Introduction to Plug-In Electric Vehicles; Enabling Technologies; Bottlenecks for Electric Vehicles Penetration; Part II- Architectures, Control, and Optimization; Battery Model; Charging Facility Design; Capacity Planning of a Large Scale Plug-In Vehicle; Capacity Planning of Small Scale Fast Charging Stations; Optimal Arrival Rates; Optimal Service Rates; Facility Location Problem; Load Balancing and Demand Forecast; Part III-PEVs for Ancillary Services; Vehicle-to-Vehicle Technology; Vehicle-to-Grid Technology; Miscellaneous.
Islam Safak Bayram is an assistant professor at the Division of Sustainability at the College of Science and Engineering and a scientist at Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute both at Hamad Bin Khalifa University. He received his B.S. degree in electrical and electronics engineering form Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey, his M.S. degree in telecommunications from the University of Pittsburgh and his Ph.D. degree in computer engineering from North Carolina State University.
Ali Tajer is an assistant professor of electrical, computer, and systems engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. He received his M.A. degree in statistics and Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from Columbia University.
ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM FUNDAMENTALS
This comprehensive resource presents the fundamentals of power systems, including the theory, practical steps, and methods used in the design and management of energy systems. Readers are provided with a uniquely comprehensive derivation of power electronics and will find practical advice based on actual occurrences in the field using real life scenarios. This book offers a direct mathematical approach for models of the main components in an electrical power system. This resource gives insight into power transformer modeling, transmission line and cable modeling, transmission line load ability, power flows, and real and reactive power and frequency control. General fault studies in electrical power systems and state estimation in electrical power systems are also explored.
Fundamentals of Energy Systems; Network Analysis; Power Transformer Modeling; Transmission Line and Cable Modeling; Transmission Line Load Ability; Power Flows; Optimal Operation of Power Systems; Real and Reactive Power Control, General Fault Studies in Electrical Power Systems; Contingency Analysis; State Estimation in Electrical Power Systems.
Salvador Acha Daza received his Ph.D. in Power Systems from the University of Texas at Arlington where he also spent a postdoctoral year at the Energy System Research Center. He received a M.Sc. in Power Engineering from Seccion de Graduados ESIME–IPM, Mexico City. He is a senior member and distinguished power lecturer of the IEEE.
This comprehensive new resource demonstrates how to build smart grids utilizing the latest telecommunications technologies. Readers find practical coverage of PLC and wireless for smart grid and are given concise excerpts of the different technologies, networks, and services around it. Design and planning guidelines are shown through the combination of electricity grid and telecommunications technologies that support the reliability, performance and security requirements needed in smart grid applications. This book covers a wide range of critical topics, including telecommunications for power engineers, power engineering for telecommunications engineers, utility applications projecting in smart grids, technologies for smart grid networks, and telecommunications architecture. This practical reference is supported with in-depth case studies.
General View of the Smart Grids; Telecommunications for Power Engineers; Power Engineering for Telecommunication Engineers; Utility Applications Projecting into Smart Grids; Telecommunication Technologies for Smart Grid Networks; Telecommunications Architecture; Case Study- PLC as the Key Enabler of Smart Grid; Case Study-Radio as the Media for Agile Smart Grid Expansion; Case Study-Guidelines for the Implementation of the Smart Grid.
Alberto Sendin, Miguel A. Sanchesz-Fornie, Inigo Berganza, Javier Simon,and Iker Urrutiaare all faculty members in the department of telecommunications at Iberdrola, Spain.
This timely new book is a cutting edge resource for engineers involved in the electric utility industry. This one-of-a-kind resource explores the planning, design, and deployment of communications networks, including fiber, microwave, RF, and Ethernet in electric utility spaces as related to Smart Grid. Readers are presented with an introduction to power utility communications, providing a thorough overview of data transmission media, electrical grid, and power grid modernization. Communication fundamentals and fiber-optic radio system design are also covered. Network performance and reliability considerations are discussed including channel protection, system latency, and cyber and grid security. Clear examples and calculations are presented to demonstrate reliability and availability measures for fiber-optic systems.
Introduction to Communication Systems; Communications Fundamentals; Introduction to Fiber–Optic System Design; Introduction to Radio System Design; Utility Communications Network Performance and Reliability Considerations; Regulatory and Safety Challenges; Installation, Testing and Commissioning.
Harvey Lehpamer works as senior project engineer at POWER Engineers, Inc. in San Diego, California. He received his Ph. D. in electrical engineering and his M.S. in radio communications and professional electronics from the University of Zagreb, in Croatia. He has over 30 years of experience in the planning, design, and deployment of wireless and wireline networks including microwave, fiber-optic, and other communication systems and has worked for a number of well-know telecom and wireless, manufacturing, and power utility organizations around the world. He currently teaches “Microwave Transmission Engineering,” at University of California – Extension, in San Diego, and “Utility Communications” at Gonzaga University, WA.
“Introduction to Power Utility Communications is an outstanding foundational reference for students, engineers, and professionals needing a working knowledge of the variety of communication channels employed for protection, control, data and voice transmission in the utility space. The text offers clear description and illustration of the strengths and limitations of the multitude of communication channels available today, including wired, wireless, and fiber optic systems. Basic channel design concepts and considerations are included, as well as treatments of protocol selection, security, and project management for communication infrastructure installations. Dr. Lehpamer has prepared an extremely accessible entry-text simplifying a complex suite of subjects.” John J. Kumm, P.E. Director, SCADA and Analytical Services POWER Engineers, Inc.
This second volume discusses state-of-the-art applications of equivalent-circuit models as they pertain to solving problems in battery management and control. Readers are provided information on how to use models from Volume I to control battery packs, along with discussion of fundamental flaws in current approaches. In addition, Volume II introduces the ideas of physics-based optimal battery controls and explains why they can be superior to the state-of-the-art equivalent-circuit controls.
Battery-Management-System Requirements; Simulating Battery Packs; Battery State Estimation; Battery Health Estimation; Cell Balancing; Voltage-Based Power-Limit Estimation; Physics-Based Optimal Controls.
Gregory L. Plett is a professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Colorado Colorado Springs. He received his B.Eng. in computer systems engineering from Carleton University in Ottawa, Ontario and his M.S. and Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Stanford University in Stanford, CA.
“This book provides a very clear and comprehensive treatment of the various battery functions the BMS must perform and then goes through the details of implementation based on equivalent circuit models for the Li-ion cells. BMS engineers along with the companies who have to deliver robust and cost-effective battery systems to demanding customers will greatly appreciate what Greg has done in responding our collective needs with a one-stop reference book. I expect that it will also fulfill a similar need for instructors and students in the form of a text book. Greg’s first-hand knowledge and experience through industry consulting clearly shine through. I wish that there was a way to instantly transfer the contents into the brains of battery development engineers.” Patil Prabhakar Advisor and Retired CEO, LG Chem Power, Inc.
DESIGNING CONTROL LOOPS FOR LINEAR AND SWITCHING POWER SUPPLIES: A TUTORIAL GUIDE
Loop control is an essential area of electronics engineering that today’s professionals need to master. Rather than delving into extensive theory, this practical book focuses on what you really need to know for compensating or stabilizing a given control system. You can turn instantly to practical sections with numerous design examples and ready-made formulas to help you with your projects in the field. You also find coverage of the underpinnings and principles of control loops so you can gain a more complete understanding of the material. This authoritative volume explains how to conduct analysis of control systems and provides extensive details on practical compensators. It helps you measure your system, showing how to verify if a prototype is stable and features enough design margin. Moreover, you learn how to secure high-volume production by bench-verified safety margins.
Basics of Loop Control – Open-Loop Systems. The Necessity of ControlClosed-Loop Systems. Notions of Time Constants. Performance of a Feedback Control System. Transfer Functions. Conclusion.
Christophe Basso is a product engineering director at ON Semiconductor in Toulouse, France. He received his B.S.E.E. in electronics from Montpellier University and his M.S.E.E. in power electronics from the National Polytechnic Institute of Toulouse. A Senior Member of the IEEE, Mr. Basso is recognized expert, patent holder, and author in the field.
Large-scale battery packs are needed in hybrid and electric vehicles, utilities grid backup and storage, and frequency-regulation applications. In order to maximize battery-pack safety, longevity, and performance, it is important to understand how battery cells work. This first of its kind new resource focuses on developing a mathematical understanding of how electrochemical (battery) cells work, both internally and externally. This comprehensive resource derives physics-based micro-scale model equations, then continuum-scale model equations, and finally reduced-order model equations. This book describes the commonly used equivalent-circuit type battery model and develops equations for superior physics-based models of lithium-ion cells at different length scales. This resource also presents a breakthrough technology called the “discrete-time realization algorithm” that automatically converts physics-based models into high-fidelity approximate reduced-order models.
Battery Boot Camp; Equivalent-Circuit Models; Microscale Cell Models; Continuum-Scale Cell Models; State-Space Models and the Discrete-Time Realization Algorithm; Reduced-Order Models; Thermal Modeling.
Gregory L. Plett is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Colorado at Colorado Spring. He received his B.S. in Electrical Engineering from Carleton University in Ottawa, Ontario and his MS and Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University in Stanford, CA.
“Volume 1 of Dr. Plett’s “Battery Management Systems” is a comprehensive review of battery and supercapacitor modeling. It covers important modeling work from the early electrochemical fundamentals to modern model order reduction techniques using a mathematically rigorous approach that is also accessible and physically motivated.” Chris Rahn, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University
“An essential book for anyone interested in mathematical modeling of batteries. This book contains exceptionally lucid presentations of equivalent circuit, macro-homogenous, and reduced-order models, and so provides a strong foundation for readers interested in using or developing battery models. This book is used as a textbook but serves equally well for self-study.” Robert Spotnitz, President, Battery Design LLC
“An easy-to-follow, comprehensive introduction to battery modeling for electrochemical control using both empirical and physics-based methods. Derives governing equations for battery performance physics in a straightforward manner while introducing all necessary prerequisite background in thermodynamics, electrochemistry and transport theory. Provides an authoritative review for those wishing to make the next breakthroughs in the electrochemical control of Li-ion batteries and supercapacitors.” Kandler Smith, battery modeling & control expert and member SAE, IEEE & ECS
Placing emphasis on practical “how-to” guidance, this cutting-edge resource provides a first-hand, insider’s perspective on the advent and evolution of smart grids in the 21st century. This book presents engineers, researchers, and students with the building blocks that comprise basic smart grids, including power plant, transmission substation, distribution, and meter automation. Moreover, this forward-looking volume explores the next step of this technology’s evolution. It provides a detailed explanation of how an advanced smart grid incorporates demand response with smart appliances and management mechanisms for distributed generation, energy storage, and electric vehicles. This updated second edition focuses on the disruptive impact of DER AND MIcrogrids. This new edition also includes a glossary with well over 100 acronyms and terms, acknowledging the tremendous challenge for a student of smart energy and smart grid to grasp this complex industry.
The Inevitable Emergence of the Smart Grid; Smart Grid System Components; Smart Convergence; Smart Grid 1.0 Emerges; Envisioning and Designing Smart Grid 2.0; Today’s Smart Grid; Fast-Forward to Smart Grid 3.0.
Andres Carvallo is the CEO of CMG, a strategy consulting and advisory company enabling smarter cities, utilities, enterprises, vendors, and startups. He earned his B.S. in Mechanical Engineering degree from the University of Kansas with a concentration in Robotics and Control Systems.
John Cooper currently works with Siemens new Business Transformation Services division, helping utilities plan and execute a managed transition into a sustainable energy business. He earned his M.B.A. with honors from the McCombs School of Business at the University of Texas at Austin.
MICRO AND NANO ENERGY HARVESTING TECHNOLOGIES
Seeking renewable and clean energies is essential for releasing the heavy reliance on mineral-based energy and remedying the threat of global warming to our environment. In the last decade, explosive growth in research and development efforts devoted to microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology and nanowires-related nanotechnology have paved a great foundation for new mechanisms of harvesting mechanical energy at the micro/nano-meter scale. MEMS-based inertial sensors have been the enabler for numerous applications associated with smart phones, tablets, and mobile electronics. This is a valuable reference for all those faced with the challenging problems created by the ever-increasing interest in MEMS and nanotechnology-based energy harvesters and their applications. This book presents fundamental physics, theoretical design, and method of modeling for four mainstream energy harvesting mechanisms – piezoelectric, electromagnetic, electrostatic, and triboelectric. Readers are provided with a comprehensive technical review and historical view of each mechanism. The authors also present current challenges in energy harvesting technology, technical reviews, design requirements, case studies, along with unique and representative examples of energy harvester applications.
Piezoelectric MEMS Vibration Energy Harvesting; Electromagnetic MEMS Vibration Energy Harvesting; Electrostatic MEMS Vibration Energy Harvesting; Triboelectric Energy Harvesting; Strategies for High Performance Vibration Energy Harvesters; Microelectronic Circuits for Vibration Energy Harvesting; MEMS Acoustic Energy Harvesting; MEMS Wind-Driven Energy Harvesting; MEMS Thermal Energy Harvesting; Nano-Based Energy Harvesting; Applications.
Chengkuo Lee is an associate professor in the department of electrical and computer engineering at National University of Singapore. He earned his Ph.D. in precision engineering from the University of Tokyo, Japan.
Jingquan Liu is a professor in the department of micro/nano electronics at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. He earned his Ph.D. from the department of mechanical engineering, Jilin University, China.
Huicong Liu is an associate professor in the school of mechanical and electric engineering, Soochow University, China. She earned her Ph.D. from the department of mechanical engineering, National University of Singapore
Bin Yang is an associate professor in the department of micro/nano electronics at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. He earned his Ph.D. from the department of electrical science and technology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China.
This new resource provides you with an introduction to battery design and test considerations for large-scale automotive, aerospace, and grid applications. It details the logistics of designing a professional, large, Lithium-ion battery pack, primarily for the automotive industry, but also for non-automotive applications. Topics such as thermal management for such high-energy and high-power units are covered extensively, including detailed design examples. Every aspect of battery design and analysis is presented from a hands-on perspective. The authors work extensively with engineers in the field and this book is a direct response to frequently-received queries. With the authors’ unique expertise in areas such as battery thermal evaluation and design, physics-based modeling, and life and reliability assessment and prediction, this book is sure to provide you with essential, practical information on understanding, designing, and building large format Lithium-ion battery management systems.
Types of Batteries; Battery Chemistries; Electrical Performance; Modeling; Testing; Thermal Behavior; Battery Life; Operating Considerations; Battery Safety; Defining an Application; Automotive Applications; Grid Applications; Designing Systems; An Iterative Process; Cell Selection; Electrical System Design; Thermal System Design; Safety/Control System Design; Case Studies.
Shriram Santhanagopalan is a senior engineer at the Advanced Vehicles Group of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
Kandler Smith is a vehicle energy storage engineer at National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
Jeremy Neubauer is a energy storage modeling and simulation task leader at National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
Gi-Heon Kim is a senior research engineer at National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
Ahmad Pesaran is a principal engineer at National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
Matthew Keyser is a senior engineer at National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
INTRODUCTION TO POWER ELECTRONICS
The subject of power electronics is concerned with solid state devices for the control and conversion of electrical power. These silicon devices are designed mainly for switching the transfer current from one part of an electrical circuit to another. Power electronics has a wide range of applications from the small systems used in electrical appliances to very large systems for the supply and distribution of electricity. Although it can be difficult to completely define where the boundary lies between electronics and power electronics, this resource succeeds at breaking down the discipline. Containing the useful concepts and building blocks that go into making a power converter operate successfully, this book provides a description of the characteristics of different types of power semiconductor devices and their application to power converter circuits. Applications to power transmission, electric drives, and medical equipment are included to illustrate the wide range of power electronics in both small and high power circuits.
Introduction – Power Semiconductor Devices. Power Conversion. Passive Components. Parameters and Analysis of Waveforms. Ideal Power Device. Practical Device. Sources of Information.
Paul H. Chappell is a faculty of physical and applied sciences at the University of Southampton. He earned his Ph.D from the University of Southampton.
A SYSTEM APPROACH TO LITHIUM-ION BATTERY MANAGEMENT
The advent of lithium ion batteries has brought a significant shift in the area of large format battery systems. Previously limited to heavy and bulky lead-acid storage batteries, large format batteries were used only where absolutely necessary as a means of energy storage. The improved energy density, cycle life, power capability, and durability of lithium ion cells has given us electric and hybrid vehicles with meaningful driving range and performance, grid-tied energy storage systems for integration of renewable energy and load leveling, backup power systems and other applications. This book discusses battery management system (BMS) technology for large format lithium-ion battery packs from a systems perspective. This resource covers the future of BMS, giving us new ways to generate, use, and store energy, and free us from the perils of non-renewable energy sources. This book provides a full update on BMS technology, covering software, hardware, integration, testing, and safety.
Introduction – Battery Management Systems and Applications. State of the Art. Challenges. ; Lithium-Ion Battery Fundamentals – Battery Operation. Battery Construction. Battery Chemistry. Safety. Longevity. Performance. Integration. ; Large-Format Systems – Definition. Balance of Plant. Load Interface. Variation and Divergence. Application Parameters. ; System Description – Typical Inputs. Typical Outputs. Typical Functions. Summary. ; Architectures – Monolithic. Distributed. Semi-Distributed. Connection Methods. Additional Scalability. Battery Pack Architectures. Power Supply. Control Power. Computing Architecture.; Measurement – Cell Voltage Measurement. Current Measurement. Synchronization of Current and Voltage. Temperature Measurement. Measurement Uncertainty and Battery Management System Performance. Interlock Status. ; Control – Contactor Control. Soft Start or Precharge Circuits. Control Topologies. Contactor Opening Transients. Chatter Detection. Economizers. Contactor Topologies. Contactor Fault Detection.; Battery Management System Functionality – Charging Strategies. Thermal Management. Operational Modes.; High-Voltage Electronics Fundamentals – High-Voltage DC Hazards. Safety of High-Voltage Electronics. Conductive Anodic Filaments. Floating Measurements. HV Isolation. ESD Suppression on Isolated Devices. Isolation Detection.; Communications – Overview. Network Technologies. Network Design.; Battery Models – Overview. Thevenin Equivalent Circuit. Hysteresis. Coulombic Efficiency. Nonlinear Elements. Self-Discharge Modeling. Physics-Based Battery Models. State-Space Representations of Battery Models.; Parameter Identification – Brute-Force Approach. Online Parameter Identification. SOC/OCV Characterization. Kalman Filtering. Recursive Least Squares. Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy.; Limit Algorithms – Purpose. Goals. Limit Strategy. Determining Safe Operating Area. Temperature. SOC/DOD. Cell Voltage. Faults. First-Order Predictive Power Limit. Polarization-Dependent Limit. Limit Violation Detection. Limits with Multiple Parallel Strings.; Charge Balancing – Balancing Strategies. Balancing Optimization. Charge Transfer Balancing. Dissipative Balancing. Balancing Faults.; State-of-Charge Estimation Algorithms – Overview. Challenges. Definitions. Coulomb Counting. SOC Corrections. OCV Measurements. Temperature Compensation. Kalman Filtering. Other Observer Methods.; State-of-Health Estimation Algorithms – State of Health. Mechanisms of Failure. Predictive SOH Models. Impedance Detection. Capacity Estimation. Self-Discharge Detection. Parameter Estimation. Dual-Loop System. Remaining Useful Life Estimation. Particle Filters. ; Fault Detection – Overview. Failure Detection. Reaction Strategies. ; Hardware Implementation – Packaging and Product Development. Battery Management System IC Selection. Component Selection. Circuit Design. Layout. EMC. Power Supply Architectures. Manufacturing. ; Software Implementation – Safety-Critical Software. Design Goals. Analysis of Safety-Critical Software. Validation and Coverage. Model Implementation. Balancing. Temperature Impact on State of Charge Estimation. ; Safety – Functional Safety. Hazard Analysis. Safety Goals. Safety Concepts and Strategies. Reference Design for Safety. ; Data Collection – Lifetime Data Gathering. ; Robustness and Reliability – Failure Mode Analysis. Environmental Durability. Abuse Conditions. Reliability Engineering. ; Best Practice – Engineering System Development. Industry Standards. Quality. ; Future Developments – Subcell Modeling. Adaptive Algorithms. Advanced Safety. System Integration.
Phil Weicker has spent over ten years as a pioneer in the area of electric vehicle propulsion and energy storage technology. He earned his Master’s degree in computational electromagnetics from McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
This book describes how geospatial technology in the form of a modern enterprise geographic information system (GIS) can be applied to all aspects of the electric utility business from Smart Grid to generation to transmission to distribution to the retail supply of electricity to customers. This book appeals to readers that are interested not only in the technical details of a GIS enabled electric system, but also how such a system works in the real business world.
Introduction – So What Exactly Is a Utility GIS?. Geocentric Versus Geoenabled. The Future of Utility GIS.
GIS and the Business of the Utility – GIS: A Spatial Context for Solutions. GIS Helps to Put Locational Data in Order. Development of GIS at Electric Utilities. GIS Architectures. What Matters Most to the Electric Utility. What an Electric Company Does. The Utility Value Chain and Its Spatial Nature. Location Critical for Energy Supply. GIS Is Not Just About Mapping.
Location Matters for Energy Supply – What Is in This Chapter?. A New Era for Electrical Energy Supply. The Energy Supply Market. Managing Power Generation Performance. Managing the Infrastructure. Managing Support Services. Managing Information. Location Matters in Energy Supply.
Electric Transmission and GIS – Location Is Essential to Transmission. A System in Transition. What Does GIS Have to Do with Transmission?. What Transmission Operators Worry About. Managing Transmission System Operations. Managing Transmission System Development. Managing Transmission Support Services. The Transmission Information Model. GIS Matters for Electric Transmission
The GIS Electric Distribution Facilities Model – Distribution Business Versus Retail. Distribution System Mapping Started a Century Ago. The Electric Distribution System Facility Model. Parts of the Distribution System and the GIS Data Model. HV/MV Substations. Medium-Voltage Network and Feeders. Medium- to Medium-Voltage (MV/MV) Substations. Low-Voltage Substations. The Low-Voltage Network. Distribution Structural Elements. Summary of the Current State of GIS and the Electric Facilities Model. The Facility Information Model for Electric Distribution. The Facilities Model of the Electric Distribution System. Where the Facility Model Is Going.
Electric Distribution Development and Operations – GIS Means Business for Electric Distribution. Electric System Development Using GIS. Distribution Planning. The Work Order Process. Substation Planning, Design, and Construction. Summary of the Role of GIS in Electric Distribution Infrastructure Development. Nonemergency Business Operations and Maintenance. GIS Used in Electric Distribution Development and Operations.
Emergency and Outage Management – Emergency Management. How Well Does the Utility Manage Its Reliability?. Risk Profiling. The Four Rs of Emergency Management for Electric Utilities. Outage Management. The Emergency Management Information Model. GIS and Emergency and Operations Management.
GIS Enhances the Retail Business – The Meter. AMI Network. Meter Data Management (MDM) Systems. Role of GIS in AMI. Customer Care Business Processes and Drivers. GIS and the New Customer Connect Process. GIS and Billing, Credit, and Collections. GIS and Metering. The Call Center. Geomarketing for the Retail Business. Economic Development. GIS and Customer Care.
GIS and Shared Support Services – Managing Land Information in GIS. Environmental Issues. Logistics and Supply Chain. Finance, Accounting, and Corporate Management. GIS Is Critical to Shared Support Services.
Bill Meehan is the director of ESRI utility solutions. He earned his M.S. in engineering from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
BATTERY POWER MANAGEMENT FOR PORTABLE DEVICES
The introduction of Li-ion batteries in 1991 created a tremendous change in the handheld devices landscape. Since then, the energy stored and put to use in palm-sized electronic devices has quadrupled. Devices are continuously getting more power hungry, outpacing battery development. Written by leading engineers in the field, This cutting-edge resource helps you overcome this challenge, offering you an insightful overview and in-depth guide to the many varied areas of battery power management for portable devices. You find the latest details on optimizing charging circuits, developing battery gauges that provide the longest possible run-time while ensuring data protection, and utilizing safety circuits that provide multiple independent levels of protection for highly energetic batteries. This unique book features detailed design examples of whole systems, providing you with the real-world perspective needed to put this knowledge into practice. You get the state-of-the-art know-how you need to perfect your device designs, helping you make them strong competitors in the fast-growing portable device marketplace.
Battery Chemistry Fundamentals and Characteristics -Introduction. Battery Fundamentals and Electrical. Behavior Under DC and Transient Conditions. General Battery Characteristics. Monitoring and Safety. Overview of Different Battery Technologies. ; Battery Charger Techniques – Lead-Acid Battery Charger. NiCd and NiMH Battery Charger. Li-Ion and Li-Polymer Battery Charger. Battery Charger and System Interactions. Dynamic Power Management Battery Charger. Battery Charger Design Examples in End Equipment. LiFePO4 Battery Charger. Wireless Charging Technology. Solar Charging System. ; Battery Safety and Protections -Introduction. Safety Events Triggered External to the Battery Pack. Safety Events Triggered Inside the Battery Pack. Final Thoughts. ; Cell-Balancing Techniques: Theory and Implementation -Introduction. Types of Battery Cell Imbalance That Affect the Charge/Discharge Voltage. Effect of Imbalancing on Performance. Hardware Implementation of Balancing. Balancing Algorithms. Summary.; Battery Fuel Gauging: State of Charge, Remaining Capacity, and State of Health Indication -Introduction. State of Charge and Accuracy Definitions. Basic Battery Remaining Capacity Monitoring Methods. Advanced Gauging Methods: Impedance Track. Host-Side and Pack-Side Gauging. Summary.; System Considerations -Introduction. Battery Pack Electronics: General Considerations. Battery Pack ESD Design Considerations. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Solutions. Power Components and PCB Thermal Design Considerations. Assuring That an Intended Battery Is Used with the Device: Authentication.; Design Examples: Complete Battery Solutions for Specific Portable Systems -Introduction. Cell Phones and Smartphones. Tablet Computers. Notebook PCs. Ultrabooks. Digital Cameras. Industrial and Medical Handheld Devices.
Yevgen Barsukov is an IP development manager for battery management systems business units at Texas Instruments. He holds an M.S. in organic chemistry from Kiev National University in the Ukraine and a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Kiel Christian Albrecht University in Germany.
Jinrong Qian is a sector manager and distinguished member of technical staff for battery management systems at Texas Instruments. He holds M.S. degrees in power electronics from both the University of Central Florida and Zhejiang University in China and earned his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
SYNERGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
Here’s a one-stop volume that addresses the complete range of clean energy technologies and associated issues. The book highlights synergistic opportunities, showing you how energy efforts in different sectors can be integrated to leverage each one ‘s strength. Moreover, you discover what these opportunities mean at local, regional, and global scales, and learn how different stakeholder priorities can be managed. You get a global snapshot of critical energy considerations, including the status of resources, consumption trends, technology development and learn how these factors are effected by related social, political, and environmental issues. You are guided through each of the various clean energy technologies, gaining knowledge of important facts, technology basics, key players, markets, relevant analyses and results, and challenges and opportunities. This valuable reference gives you practical tools to aid in decision-making efforts and case studies that provide a real-world perspective.
Introduction – Key Global Trends. Snapshot of Global Energy Trends. Quest for Sustainability. Population Growth: History. Population Growth: Impacts. The Earth ‘s Carrying Capacity. Our Ecological Footprint. Civilization and Energy. Energy Throughout History and Transitions. The Three Revolutionsù.; Energy Efficiency – Basics. Efficient Buildings. Efficient Vehicles. Efficient Industry. Impacts. Market Status. Challenges and Potential Solutions. Emerging Opportunities.; Renewable Electricity – Overview of Renewable Electricity. Solar Energy. Wind Energy. Geothermal Energy. Biomass Energy. Water Power.; Alternative Fuels – Key Facts, Figures, and Trends. Basics. Impacts. Market Status. Challenges and Potential Solutions. Emerging Opportunities.; Energy Storage – Basics. Pumped Hydro. Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES). Flywheels. Batteries. Electrochemical Capacitors (Supercapacitors). Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES). Hydrogen and Fuel Cells. Thermal Energy Storage. Impacts. Market Status. Challenges and Potential Solutions. Emerging Opportunities.; Toward Sustainability: Putting the Pieces Together.
Elvin Yuzugullu is a Senior Clean Energy Analyst at SRA International, Inc. in Washington, DC, and has extensive experience working for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Fuel Cell Technologies Program. She holds an M.Sc. in environmental engineering from West Virginia University and a D.Sc. in environmental and energy management from The George Washington University.
POWER SYSTEM STATE ESTIMATION
State estimation is one of the most important functions in power system operation and control. This area is concerned with the overall monitoring, control, and contingency evaluation of power systems. It is mainly aimed at providing a reliable estimate of system voltages. State estimator information flows to control centers, where critical decisions are made concerning power system design and operations. This valuable resource provides thorough coverage of this area, helping professionals overcome challenges involving system quality, reliability, security, stability, and economy. Engineers are introduced to new techniques for their work in the field, including current measurements and phasor measurement units. Moreover, the book includes a novel discussion on state estimation for distributed systems. Professionals find expert guidance for their current projects and discover cutting-edge developments that will help prepare them for work with future energy management systems.
Energy Management Systems – Real-Time Control of a Power System. Energy Control Center. Security Analysis and Monitoring. State Estimation. ; Power Flow Equations – Power System Representation. Admittance Diagram. Power Flow Analysis. Decoupled Power Flow. Visual Tools for Power Flow Studies. DC Power Flow. Regulating Transformers. ; Weighted Least Square Estimation -Introduction. Properties of Weighted Least Square Estimates. Maximum Likelihood Weighted Least Square State Estimation. Matrix Formulation and Measurement Model. WLS State Estimation Algorithm. Decoupled State Estimation Method. DC State Estimator. ; Network Observability and Pseudomeasurements – Network Graphs and Matrices. Bus Admittance and Bus Impedance Matrices. Loop Equations. Observability Analysis. Branch Variable Formulation. Network Topology Processing. Network Configuration. Topology Error Processing. Detection and Identification of Topology Errors. ; Bad Data Detection – Bad Data Detection in WLS Method. Methods of Bad Data Detection. Identification of Bad Data. Hypothesis Testing Identification. Case Study: Improved Bad Data Processing with Strategic Placement of PMUs.; Robust State Estimation – Basic Formulation. Breakdown Points. M-Estimators. State Estimation Methods with Bad Data Rejection Properties. Least Absolute Value State Estimators. Simplex Method. Interior Point Algorithm. LMS Estimator. ; State Estimation Using Line Current Measurements -Introduction. Modeling State Equations. State Estimation with Current Measurements. Methods to Obtain a Unique Solution in the Presence of Current Measurements. Determining the Uniqueness of a Solution Based on Numerical Methods. Bad Data Detection in the Presence of Current Measurements. Some Observations. ; Phasor Measurement Units Applications in State Estimation – Synchronized Phasor Measurements. Application of PMUs in Static State Estimation. Combining Conventional and PMU Measurements. Phasor Measurements in Dynamic State Estimation. Optimal PMU Placement. Some Observations.; Distribution System State Estimation -Introduction. Pseudomeasurements. State Estimation for Radial Distribution Systems. Branch Current Based Estimation Method. Object-Oriented State Estimation. Measurement Placement. State Estimation with Kalman Filter.
Mukhtar Ahmad is a professor in the Department of electrical engineering at Aligarh Muslim University in India. He holds an M.Sc. in electrical engineering and a Ph.D. in electrical power engineering from that same university.
Here is a timely resource that gives you an insightful business perspective on electric systems operatons, revealing how this area is critical to a utility’s ability to provide reliable power to its customers. The book presents a thorough definition system operations, identifying and explaining the various systems that support this function and how they integrate into the utility. You discover how a utility’s network operation is a key contributor to the viable sustainment of its business. The book presents the convergence of the systems used in the grid operations of today and addresses the emerging needs of the smart grid operations of tomorrow. You learn how system operations help to ensure the right levels of safety, reliability and efficiency in everything that relates to transmission and distribution grid management. The book discusses important technologically intensive systems — like EMS, DMS — that function inside the control center. Additionally, you are introduced to DEMS — an emerging system which has been designed to help utilities provide better services to customers, and enable customers to become an integral part of the overall utility system.
Introduction – Introduction to Utilities. Explain the Electric Utility. Electric Utilities: A U.S. Historical Perspective. Utilities and Regulation.
Define System Operations – System Operations. Key Drivers for Systems Operations. What Changes from Transmission to Distribution System Operations? Distribution System Operations: An Introduction. Key Challenges Facing System Operations.
Introduction to Power Systems – Basic Electric Components. Key Power System Physical Concepts Explained. Key Business Concepts Explained.
Impact of Deregulation on System Operations – A Brief Look at the History of Deregulation in the United States. The New Participants and Their Activities. Architectural Discussion. Conclusion.
Impact of Smart/Modern Grid on System Operations – Smart Grid Changes That Impact System Operations. Community Changes Impacting System Operations. So What Does This All Mean to the System Operator? Impact of Smart Grid on New Systems.
Business of System Operations – Anatomy of a Utility. T&D Operating Model. Architecting the Business of System Operations. System Operations Processes.
Control Center: The Hub of System Operations – Transmission Control Center Desks. Distribution Control Center Desks. Other Key Aspects of a Control Center. Introducing a High-Performing System Operator.
Energy Management Systems – How an EMS Supports the System Operator’s Mandate. Key Components of an EMS. EMS Application Suites.
Outage Management System – Types of Outages. Origins of the OMS. Architecture of an OMS. The Business of Managing Outages. Impact of Smart Meter on the OMS. Future of OMS?
Distribution Management Systems – Introduction to the DMS. The Utility Context: Why is a DMS Needed? DMS: An Architectural Description. How the DMS Supports the System Operator’s Mandate. How the DMS Supports the Smart Grid. Key Component of a DMS. DMS Application Suites. DMS Models and Its Interface with GIS. The Future of DMS.
Distributed Energy Management System – What Is Complicating This Situation? Distributed Energy Management System. Who Would Use This System? Service Models That Need to Be Considered. Challenges. Does DEMS Have a Future?
System Operator Training Simulators – Drivers Behind the Need for a System Operator Training Simulator? What Are the Key Characteristics of a Good System Operator Training Simulator. Architecture of a System Operator Simulator. Key Challenges in Setting Up a System Operator Training Environment. Key Challenges in Setting Up a System Operator Training Program. Training Simulators as a Real-Time Simulation Platform. Training Simulators in the Future.
Conclusions and What Is Coming Next on the Horizon.
Subramanian Vadari is the president of Modern Grid Solutions in Sammamish, Washington. A Senior Member of the IEEE, Dr. Vadari holds an M.S.E.E. and Ph.D. in electrical engineering, both from the University of Washington in Seattle.
BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FOR LARGE LITHIUM ION BATTERY PACKS
This timely book provides you with a solid understanding of battery management systems (BMS) in large Li-Ion battery packs, describing the important technical challenges in this field and exploring the most effective solutions. You find in-depth discussions on BMS topologies, functions, and complexities, helping you determine which permutation is right for your application. Packed with numerous graphics, tables, and images, the book explains the whys and hows of Li-Ion BMS design, installation, configuration and troubleshooting. This hands-on resource includes an unbiased description and comparison of all the off-the-shelf Li-Ion BMSs available today. Moreover, it explains how using the correct one for a given application can help to get a Li-Ion pack up and running in little time at low cost.
Preface; Introduction – Naming Conventions. Li-Ion Cells. Li-Ion BMSs. Li-Ion Batteries.; BMS Options – Functionality. Technology. Topology.; BMS Functions – Measurement. Management. Evaluation. External Communications. Logging and Telemetry.; Off-the-Shelf BMSs -Introduction.; Custom BMS Design – Using BMS ASICs. Analog BMS Design. Ready-Made, Digital BMS Designs. Custom Digital BMS Design. Cell Interface. Distributed Charging.; Deploying a BMS – Installing. Configuring. Testing. Troubleshooting. Using.; List of Acronyms and Abbreviations. Glossary. About the Author. Index.
Davide Andrea is the owner of Elithion LLC. He has more than 25 years of experience in the electronics industry and is a leading expert in the area of BMS development. He holds a B.S. in electrical engineering and computer science from the University of Colorado.
ENERGY HARVESTING FOR AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS
This unique resource provides a detailed understanding of the options for harvesting energy from localized, renewable sources to supply power to autonomous wireless systems. You are introduced to a variety of types of autonomous system and wireless networks and discover the capabilities of existing battery-based solutions, RF solutions, and fuel cells. The book focuses on the most promising harvesting techniques, including solar, kinetic, and thermal energy. You also learn the implications of the energy harvesting techniques on the design of the power management electronics in a system. This in-depth reference discusses each energy harvesting approach in detail, comparing and contrasting its potential in the field.
Introduction – Background and Motivation. Typical System Architecture. Intended Readership for This Book. Wireless Devices and Sensor Networks – Introduction. Energy Requirements of Autonomous Devices. Enabling Technologies: Devices and Peripherals. Wireless Communication. Energy-Awareness in Embedded Software. Alternative Nonrenewable Power Sources. Discussion. Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting – Introduction. Background. Solar Cell Characteristics. Module Characteristics. Irradiance Standards. Efficiency Losses. Device Technologies. Photovoltaic Systems. Summary. Kinetic Energy Harvesting – Introduction. Kinetic Energy-Harvesting Applications. Inertial Generators. Transduction Mechanisms. Operating Frequency Range. Rotary Generators. Example Devices. Conclusions and Future Possibilities. Thermoelectric Energy Harvesting – Introduction. Principles of Thermoelectric Devices. Influence of Materials, Contacts, and Geometry. Existing and Future Capabilities. Summary. Power Management Electronics – Introduction. Interface Electronics for Kinetic Energy Harvesters. Interface Circuits for Thermal and Solar Harvesters. Energy Storage Interfaces. Future Outlook. Conclusions. Energy Storage – Introduction. Micropower Supply for Wireless Sensor Devices. Implementations of 2D Microbatteries. Three-Dimensional Microbatteries. Electrochemical Microcapacitors. Conclusion. Case Study: Adaptive Energy-Aware Sensor Networks – Introduction. Requirements. Energy Harvesting Sensor Node Hardware Design. Energy-Harvesting Sensor Node Demonstration Overview. Energy-Harvesting Sensor Node Software Design. Energy-Aware, Energy-Harvesting Node Demonstration. Conclusions. Concluding Remarks. About the Editors. About the Contributors. Index.
Stephen Beeby is an advanced research fellow at the School of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton. He also the co-author of MEMS Mechanical Sensors (Artech House, 2004) and numerous journal articles and conference papers. He holds an Eng. (Hons) degree in mechanical engineering from the University of Portsmouth, U.K. and a Ph.D. in mechanical Engineering from the University of Southampton.
Neil White is head of the Electronics Systems and Devices Group and deputy head of school for enterprise at the School of Electronics and Computer Scienterprise at the School of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton. He also the co-author of MEMS Mechanical Sensors (Artech House, 2004). A fellow of the Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE) and the Institute of Physics (IOP), as well as a senior member of the IEEE, he earned B.Sc. in electronics engineering at North Staffs Polytechnic and a Ph.D. in sensors at the University of Southampton.